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Anti-Angiogenic Foods


Anti-angiogenic is defined in the American Heritage Dictionary as “of or relating to a naturally occurring substance, drug, or other compound that can destroy or interfere with the fine network of blood vessels needed by tumors to grow and metastasize.”

Anti-Angiogenic Foods

Below are the most common categories of anti-angiogenic foods. For further information contact the professionals at Arizona Center for Advanced Medicine.

Beta-cryptoxanthin - carotenoid pigment in orange, red and yellow foods, related to beta-carotene, ultimately metabolized to vitamin A. Winter squash, pumpkin, persimmons, papaya, tangerines, red peppers, corn, oranges and apricots

Beta-carotene - sweet potato, carrots, kale, butternut squash, turnip greens, pumpkin, mustard greens, cantaloupe, sweet red pepper, apricots and spinach

Curcumin - antiangiogenic. Turmeric

Ellagitannins - pomegranate, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, muscadine grapes, walnuts, pecans. Pomegranate juice best made from the whole fruit, not just the arils.

GrapesFlavonoids in fruits and vegetables: for the plants, they serve as anti-microbials, deterrents against those who would eat them, attractants to pollinators and those who disperse their seeds. Flavonoids in fruits and vegetables include quercetin, anthocyanidins, proanthocyanidins, ellagitannins.

Spinach, Onions (esp red onion), Parsley, Beets, Thyme, lettuce, chicory, arugula, red lettuce.

Anthocyanins are pigments that are present in many types of berries and grapes as well as red wine. They inhibit tumor growth and angiogenesis. They exhibit a purple color at neutral pH, red in acidic, and blue in alkaline conditions.

Black raspberries, blackberries, strawberries

Proanthocyanidins - a type of tannin found in cacao, cinnamon, cranberry, apples, grapes, black current, chokeberry, and persimmon. Inhibits ACE activity, lowers CRP.

Anti-Angiogenic berriesCacao (after fermentation), cinnamon, cranberry, black currants, grapes, chokeberries (very astringent), blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, bilberries, apples, apple juice (cloudy ones), cinnamon.

Menaquinone (vitamin K2), found in certain food sources is antiangiogenic - cheese especially. "Menaquinone is distinct from the phylloquinone (Vitamin K1) present in dark leafy vegetables. Instead, menaquinone is a fat-soluble vitamin formed naturally by bacteria in fermented dairy products, including cheese and yogurt, in fermented soy such as natto, and also present in dark meat. Certain cheeses, such as Dutch Gouda, Swiss Emmental, and Norwegian Jarlsberg, have particularly high concentrations of menaquinone."

anti-angiogenic foods - cheeseFermented foods such as cheese, sauerkraut, miso and natto, and animal foods, especially organ meat and pastured dairy products. The richest source of menaquinones known is natto.

Other anti-angiogenic foods - Chinese cabbage, citrus fruits (naringenin, hesperidin), silymarin (milk thistle, artichokes), garlic (diallyl sulfide)

Anti-Angiogenic foods citrus anti-angiogenic5