Generations of theorists have offered various interpretations of what hypnosis
is, how it works, and what it can do.
Most practitioners agree that an essential characteristic of hypnosis involves
the bypass of the conscious mind, thereby enabling the hypnotist to work
directly with an individual's subconscious mind. Deep relaxation is
often associated with hypnosis, but is not a prerequisite.
The second factor that is recognized as part of a hypnotic state is a level
of highly selective thinking that is acceptable to the person who is hypnotized.
Research has shown that the hypnotic state is an integrated state comprised
of beta, alpha, and theta brain frequencies. Hypnotists do not diagnose
maladies, but rather are more concerned with eliminating unwanted behavior.
The process involves accessing the subconscious mind of the client and
discovering the root cause of the presenting problem, so that it may be
eliminated. This is possible because our subconscious minds remember everything
we’ve ever felt, said, thought, or done. Often events in life provoke
internal negative emotions. If these emotions are left to fester, they
can manifest in negative ways.
Charles Tebbetts created a diagram that helps to explain how the mind reacts
to destructive emotions.
A genuine trust and rapport must exist between the client and hypnotist,
principally because most hypnosis is actually self-hypnosis; therefore,
a hypnotist becomes a client’s guide or “conductor”
by mutual agreement and tacit contract. An individual’s fear of
hypnosis will affect the session. Fear prevents hypnosis from happening,
so fears must be identified and eliminated. Some people are afraid to
surrender control, forgetting that they always actually have the choice
whether or not to remain in hypnosis. Some people fear that hidden secrets
might be revealed.
Other misconceptions about hypnosis also abound, the most common being
that people associate it with sleep. People who have been hypnotized for
the first time often believe they have not entered into an altered state
because they have remained alert and have heard everything that has transpired.
In fact, a hyper-alertness is characteristic of the hypnotic state, as
well as other symptoms, including a tingling in one’s fingers or
hands, a feeling of floating, and a feeling of heaviness in the arms and
legs. Such symptoms are idiosyncratic to each person.
Once the somnambulism state is achieved, a deepening of the trance allows
for lasting benefits. People find they are able to free themselves from
a variety of physical and emotional problems, which may be rooted in childhood
trauma, guilt, anxiety, and/or anger.
Several tests for depth of trance are a part of proven inductions, and
offer helpful confirmation to client and hypnotist alike. Such demonstration
that an altered state of consciousness was achieved can provide helpful
feedback. Lasting and valuable work can be accomplished through hypnosis
and guided imagery when the trust between client and “conductor”
engenders rapport and confident expectation.
The discovery of hypnosis is often ascribed to Anton Mesmer (1734-1815),
a Vienna-trained physician who discovered the power of suggestion and
the enormous healing power that it offered to his patients.
Thousands of years prior to Mesmer, ancient sleep temples induced individuals
into trance and guided them to find the cause and cure of their maladies.
Hypnosis, as it is known today, was discovered by the Marquis de Puysegur
(1781-1825), a retired French officer. Puysegur’s findings were
furthered by Joseph Phillipe François Deleuze (1753-1835), a librarian
to the French Royal Botanical and Zoological Gardens, who discovered that
suggestions given to a person during hypnosis would manifest during the
waking state. Jose Custodio de Faria (1755-1819), an itinerant priest
from Portugal, concluded in 1815 that a subject must be willing to cooperate
with a hypnotist for any meaningful work to happen. In 1837, John Elliotson
(1791-1868), a professor of surgery in London and also the inventor of
the stethoscope. began using the hypnotic state with patients in order
to perform painless surgery and to give relief to nervous disorders. Despite
enormous successes, his work was thoughtlessly condemned by his conservative
colleagues. In 1842, Dr. James Esdaile (1808-1859), a Scottish physician
practicing surgery in Calcutta, applied Elliotson’s discoveries
to induce anesthesia in his patients during surgery. Using hypnosis with
thousands of patients. the mortality rate dropped from fifty to five percent.
Despite the astounding success of his work, the British medical establishment
rejected his findings.
Dr. James Braid (1795-1860) is sometimes called the ‘father of modern
hypnosis’. In fact, he coined the term for hypnotism, deriving it
from the Greek word
hypnos - for sleep. Since Braid, many researchers have added new understandings
and discoveries to this ancient form of healing that have subsequently
succeeded in helping countless individuals.
Hypnosis & guided imagery have provided effective aid to people who
have sought help for their physical and emotional problems, including:
• Phobias and fears
• Clearing negative resonant energy anchors carried from childhood
• Issues of forgiveness
• Enhancement of abilities
• Renewed confidence
• Smoking cessation
• Weight loss
• Chronic pain complaints (must be referred by a physician)
• Assistance with cancer symptoms - pain, nausea